What Is A Pronoun? Types And Examples (2022)

Nouns do a lot of work in our sentences. They fulfill the important jobs of acting as subjects and objects. Sometimes, though, a noun needs a break or there’s not a noun that perfectly suits a sentence. When nouns need a helping hand, who are they going to call? No, not ghostbusters (that’s still a noun)—they call on pronouns.

Pronouns can do all of the jobs that nouns do and many of them are shorter and more versatile. Pronouns let us say things like I am proud of myself or It is time to ask somebody for help. Pronouns are a major part of speech and correctly using them will drastically improve your speech and writing.

What is a pronoun?

A pronoun is a word that can replace a noun in a sentence. The noun that is replaced by a pronoun is called an antecedent. For example, in the sentence I love my dog because he is a good boy, the word he is a pronoun that replaces the noun dog.

Generally speaking, pronouns allow us to shorten our sentences and make them sound less repetitive. For example,

  • The construction workers are building the office. The construction workers are making good progress. The construction workers should finish the project in no time.
  • The construction workers are building the office. They are making good progress. They should finish the project in no time.

You can see that the second set of sentences is both shorter and sounds less repetitive than the first set of sentences.

⚡️ Pronoun quick tip

Grammatically, pronouns function much like nouns: they can be used both as subjects and objects;they refer to people, places, and things; they can be singular or plural; and they can be modified by adjectives. The “noun” in pronoun will help you remember that pronouns behave much the same way that nouns do.

(Video) PRONOUNS - Basic English Grammar - Parts of Speech - What is a Pronoun? - Types of Pronoun - Grammar

Pronoun list

  • He
  • It
  • You
  • I
  • They
  • We
  • Who
  • Him
  • Them
  • Whoever
  • Anyone
  • Something
  • Nobody

We use a bunch of different pronouns in our writing and in speech. Listed below are just some of the pronouns that we use every day:

  • I
  • me
  • you
  • he
  • she
  • it
  • we
  • they
  • us
  • them
  • who
  • what
  • this
  • that
  • anyone
  • nobody
  • something

Pronoun examples

The following examples show how we use pronouns in sentences.

  • We looked for Britney at her house, but she wasn’t there.
  • I took my car to the mechanic to get it fixed.
  • This is the best birthday ever!
  • Someone donated $500 to our charity.
  • Andy thinks that mayonnaise goes well with anything.

Types of pronouns

There are many different types of pronouns that we use in writing and speech. For now, we will briefly look at each of these different types. If you want to explore each one in more detail, we have provided an extensive guide to each type of pronoun in the links below:

  • Possessive pronouns
  • Personal pronouns
  • Relative pronouns
  • Reflexive pronouns
  • Indefinite pronouns
  • Demonstrative pronouns
  • Interrogative pronouns
  • Intensive pronouns
  • Reciprocal pronouns

What Is A Pronoun? Types And Examples (1)

Common types of pronouns

Possessive pronouns

A possessive pronoun is a pronoun that expresses possession, ownership, origin, relationship, etc.

Possessive pronoun examples

  • mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs

Possessive pronouns used in sentences

  • That toy on the shelf is mine.
  • All of the houses in our neighborhood look the same, but ours is the only one with a satellite dish.
  • Wendy and Ronald separated the french fries into two piles: the left one was hers and the right one was his.

Personal pronouns

Personal pronouns are pronouns that we use to refer to people and, sometimes, animals. The pronouns it, they, and them can also apply to objects.

Personal pronoun examples

  • I, you, she, he, it, we, they, me, us, them

Personal pronouns used in sentences

  • I am afraid of mice.
  • The toaster gets really hot when it heats bread.
  • My cats are friendly, so you can safely pet them.

Do you know the history behind using they and themself as singular pronouns? Find out more and why they are making a comeback now.

Relative pronouns

Relative pronouns connect dependent clauses to independent clauses.

(Video) Seven Types of Pronouns | Parts of Speech

Relative pronoun examples

  • who, whom, which, what, that

Relative pronouns used in sentences

  • I need to find a person who can read Swedish.
  • She doesn’t want to eat a meal that is too spicy.
  • This book, which ends on a cliffhanger, is really exciting.

Reflexive pronouns

A reflexive pronoun is a pronoun used as an object of a verb that refers to the same person or thing as the subject of the verb.

Reflexive pronoun examples

  • myself, yourself, itself, herself, himself, ourselves, themselves

Reflexive pronouns used in sentences

  • Ken looked at himself in the mirror.
  • I like to cheer myself up with desserts.
  • The silly clowns made fools of themselves.

Intensive pronouns

Intensive pronouns refer back to the subject in order to add emphasis. Intensive pronouns are identical in appearance to reflexive pronouns.

Intensive pronoun examples

  • myself, yourself, herself, himself, itself, ourselves, themselves

Intensive pronouns used in sentences

  • I built my house myself.
  • The children made the cookies themselves.
  • Often, the stress of giving a speech is worse than the speech itself.

Indefinite pronouns

An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun that doesn’t specifically identify who or what it is referring to.

Indefinite pronoun examples

  • some, somebody, anyone, anywhere, nothing, everybody

Indefinite pronouns used in sentences

  • This note could have been written by anybody.
  • Someone ate my lunch.
  • The water splashed everywhere.

Demonstrative pronouns

Demonstrative pronouns are used to point to specific things.

Demonstrative pronoun examples

  • this, that, these, those

Demonstrative pronouns used in sentences

  • This is my favorite shirt.
  • I don’t know what that is, but it definitely isn’t friendly.
  • I need you to fix these.

Interrogative pronouns

Interrogative pronouns are pronouns used to ask questions about unknown people or things.

Interrogative pronoun examples

  • who, whom, what, which, whose

Interrogative pronouns used in sentences

  • Who wrote this letter?
  • What is an amphibian?
  • Which is the correct answer?

Reciprocal pronouns

Reciprocal pronouns express mutual relationships or actions.

Reciprocal pronoun examples

  • each other, one another

Reciprocal pronouns used in sentences

  • My sister and I love each other.
  • The members of the team support one another.
  • The two fishermen love to compete with each other.

Singular and plural pronouns

Like nouns, pronouns can either be singular or plural.

(Video) Pronoun/ Types of Pronoun with Definition & Examples/ Learn Pronoun in Detail

Singular pronouns

Singular pronouns refer to a single person or thing. Like singular nouns, singular pronouns must use singular verbs.

Singular pronoun examples

  • I, he, she, it, one, this, someone, something, anyone, nobody

Singular pronouns used in sentences

  • Melanie is so good at movie trivia that she never gets a single question wrong.
  • Somebody is standing next to the window.
  • This is the best cake I have ever eaten.

Plural pronouns

Plural pronouns refer to multiple people or things. Plural pronouns must use plural verbs.

Plural pronoun examples

  • we, they, us, them, ourselves, themselves, those, these, many, several, others

Plural pronouns used in sentences

  • We go to the gym every day.
  • These paintings aren’t as old as those are.
  • Several of the ducks know that children like to feed them bread.

How to reach pronoun agreement

When using a pronoun, it must agree in number with its antecedent. This means that a singular noun can only be replaced by a singular pronoun, and a plural noun can only be replaced by a plural pronoun. Take a look at the following two examples:

  • The basketball rolled until it hit the door.
  • The basketball rolled until they hit the door.

Of these two sentences, only the first one makes sense. We are only referring to a single basketball, so we need to use a singular pronoun like it and not a plural pronoun like they. When you are unsure about what kind of pronoun you need, think about what noun is being replaced and use a pronoun that is of the same number.

There are a few things to keep in mind when considering pronoun agreement:

Firstly, the pronouns everyone, everybody, everything, and everywhere are treated as singular pronouns even though they often refer to multiple people and things. For example, we would say Everybody was hiding rather than Everybody were hiding.

Secondly, some pronouns can be used as either singular or plural. When we encounter these pronouns in sentences, we usually rely on context to help us determine if they are singular or plural. For example,

  • You are my best friend. (Based on the singular word friend, we know that you is a singular pronoun.)
  • You are my best friends. (Based on the plural word friends, we know that you is a plural pronoun.)

How to establish pronoun reference

When using a pronoun, it should be clear who or what the pronoun is referring to. When reading or listening to a sentence, it should be easy to determine what a pronoun’s antecedent is. With that in mind, here are some tips to help you out.

(Video) What is a pronoun in English? | Definitions, Types and Examples

1. Use a noun first before replacing it with a pronoun:

Unclear: After an exciting race, she narrowly won. She celebrated her victory.
✅Clear: After an exciting race, Dasha narrowly won. She celebrated her victory.

2. Use an appropriate pronoun to refer to a person or a thing. For example, we don’t use the pronoun it to refer to people, and we don’t use the pronoun someone to refer to an inanimate object. For animals, we can use the pronoun it when we don’t know the animal’s sex.

Incorrect: The trophy looked like he was brand new.
Correct: The trophy looked like it was brand new.

Can you ace this quiz on pronouns now?

Would you like perfect grammar?

Demonstrative? Interrogative? You’ll never mistake pronouns again when you check your writing on our superlative tool: Thesaurus.com’s Grammar Coach™. This writing tool uses machine learning technology uniquely designed to catch grammar and spelling errors. Its Synonym Swap will find the best nouns, adjectives, and more to help say what you really mean, guiding you toward clearer, stronger, writing. Perfect grammar has never been easier.

FAQs

What is pronoun types and examples? ›

Some examples of subject pronouns are I, you, we, he, she, it, they and one. Object Pronouns are pronouns that receive the action in a sentence. Some examples of object pronouns are me, us, him, her and them. Reciprocal Pronouns are pronouns that are used to express a mutual relationship.

What is a pronoun answer? ›

A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. Examples: he, she, it, they, someone, who. Pronouns can do all of the things that nouns can do. They can be subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, object of the preposition, and more.

What is a pronoun give 5 examples? ›

A pronoun (I, me, he, she, herself, you, it, that, they, each, few, many, who, whoever, whose, someone, everybody, etc.) is a word that takes the place of a noun. In the sentence Joe saw Jill, and he waved at her, the pronouns he and her take the place of Joe and Jill, respectively.

What are the 10 types of pronouns? ›

Types of Pronouns
  • Personal pronouns (e.g., he, they, we)
  • Demonstrative pronouns (e.g., this, that, these)
  • Interrogative pronouns (e.g., which, who, whose)
  • Indefinite pronouns (e.g., none, several, any)
  • Possessive pronouns (e.g., his, yours, ours)
  • Reciprocal pronouns (e.g., each other, one another)

What are the 8 types of pronouns with examples? ›

A pronoun is a word that replaces a noun in a sentence and prevents repeating the name of the noun again and again. For example, George ran so fast that he was about to fall.
...
Following are the eight reflexive pronouns in English:
  • Myself.
  • Yourself.
  • Himself.
  • Herself.
  • Itself.
  • Ourselves.
  • Themselves.
  • Yourselves.

What is pronoun give 20 example? ›

20 examples of pronouns in a sentence
Subject PronounsObject Pronouns
1st person singularIMyself
2nd person singularYouYourself
3rd person singular (male)HeHimself
3rd person singular (female)SheHerself
4 more rows

What is pronoun and its types PDF? ›

Types of Pronoun PDF

Reflexive pronoun (Myself, ourselves, themselves etc.) Possessive Pronoun (Yours, mine, hers, theirs etc.) Indefinite Pronoun (one, none, all, some etc.) Relative pronoun (who, whom, which, that, whose etc.) Demonstrative pronoun (this, that, these, those etc.)

What is a Class 1 pronoun? ›

A pronoun is a type of word that replaces a noun, such as 'she,' 'he,' 'you,' 'them,' and 'this. ' We can only use pronouns to replace nouns when we have already referred to the noun at an earlier point. For example, 'Sam hates grapes' would become 'he hates grapes. '

What is a Class 2 pronoun? ›

A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun.

What are 10 examples of personal pronouns? ›

I, you, he, she, it, we they, me, him, her, us, and them are all personal pronouns.

What are the 4 types of pronouns? ›

There are four types of pronouns: subject pronouns, object pronouns, possessive pronouns, and demonstrative pronouns. Pronouns are one of the eight parts of speech. Pronouns take the place of a person, place, or thing in sentences once the context is understood.

What are the 23 pronouns? ›

They are the following pronouns: my, mine, your, yours, his, her, hers, its, our, ours, their, and theirs. Example: The money is mine.
...
Parts of Speech - Pronouns
  • The new car is his. The new car is his.
  • Yours will be here tomorrow. ...
  • I like theirs best. ...
  • Should we go for a ride in his or hers?

What is class 3 pronoun and its types? ›

Personal, Reflexive, Emphasising, Demonstrative, Interrogative, Possessive are the different types of pronouns. Personal Pronouns: Pronouns that stands for a person or a thing are called Personal Pronouns. i.e. I, we, you, he, she, it and they are personal pronouns.

How many types of pronouns are there in class 6? ›

We have three kinds of personal pronouns: first person, which describes the person speaking (I, My, Me), second person, which denotes the person spoken to (You, Your) and third person, which denotes the person or thing spoken about (Him, Her, It).

What are the 9 types of pronoun? ›

They include theirs, its, ours, his, hers, and mine. Examples: That car is mine (the word 'mine' is the independent possessive pronoun). The wallet is his ('his' is the independent possessive pronoun).

How many types of pronouns are there in class 8? ›

Personal Pronoun for class 8

Definition: The personal pronoun is utilized for a particular object or person in the sentence and they change their forms to show the various gender, number, and persons vocalizing. Personal Pronouns can be separated into two groups: Subjective Pronouns. Objective Pronouns.

What are the 8 English pronouns? ›

The personal pronouns are: I, you, he, she, it, we, they, me, him, her, us, them.

What are the 40 pronouns? ›

Pronouns are classified as personal (I, we, you, he, she, it, they), demonstrative (this, these, that, those), relative (who, which, that, as), indefinite (each, all, everyone, either, one, both, any, such, somebody), interrogative (who, which, what), reflexive (myself, herself), possessive (mine, yours, his, hers, ...

What is a pronoun Grade 5? ›

A Pronoun is used to avoid the repetition of a noun. It can be singular or plural. In the sentences, Supriya knows them; she comes from an educated family; this book belongs to me, the words like she, them, and me are examples of pronouns.

What's a pronoun in a sentence? ›

A pronoun is a word that is used instead of a noun or noun phrase. Pronouns refer to either a noun that has already been mentioned or to a noun that does not need to be named specifically.

What is pronoun in English PDF? ›

A pronoun is a word that refers to or takes the place of a noun. The noun being referred to is. called the antecedent. The identity of the pronoun is made clear by the antecedent. For exam-

How many types of pronouns are there? ›

The Seven Types of Pronouns. There are seven types of pronouns that both English and English as a second language writers must recognize: the personal pronoun, the demonstrative pronoun, the interrogative pronoun, the relative pronoun, the indefinite pronoun, the reflexive pronoun, and the intensive pronoun.

What are the uses of pronoun? ›

Pronouns are words that are used to take the place of nouns in sentences. They usually refer back to a noun used earlier in the sentence, and they must match the number, point of view, and gender of the noun. We use pronouns to make sentences clearer, less awkward, and smoother.

What is a pronoun Grade 3? ›

️ Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns. They are words like: he, she, it, I, you, we, they, those, them, me... There are lots of them!

What is pronoun class 7th? ›

A pronoun is a word that is used in place of a noun and does the work of a noun, e.g: Ram is a boy. Ram reads in class seventh. Ram is a good athelete.

What are the rules of pronoun? ›

Pronouns Rule 1: Pronouns which are compared must be in the same case. Example: Our mother supports me more than her. Pronouns Rule 2: Object form in a sentence. Pronouns Rule 3: If the pronoun is an object of the verb, it should be in the objective case.

What is a pronoun Class 6? ›

Definition. A word that is used to replace a noun is called pronoun. (The word 'Pronoun' means 'for a noun'.) (b) If the number of noun is singular, persons of the male sex are referred to by 'he, him, his, himself.

Is a pronoun a noun? ›

A noun is what we call the word that names something or someone. A noun may be a person, a thing or a place. Nouns can play many roles within a sentence. A pronoun is a subcategory of nouns.

What's a proper noun? ›

: a noun that names a particular person, place, or thing "Tom," "Chicago," and "Friday" are proper nouns.

Can you give me a list of pronouns? ›

List of Personal Pronouns
  • I.
  • he.
  • him.
  • her.
  • it.
  • me.
  • she.
  • them.

What are the 76 gender pronouns? ›

Gender-neutral Pronouns, and How to Use Them
  • He/She -- Zie, Sie, Ey, Ve, Tey, E.
  • Him/Her -- Zim, Sie, Em, Ver, Ter, Em.
  • His/Her -- Zir, Hir, Eir, Vis, Tem, Eir.
  • His/Hers -- Zis, Hirs, Eirs, Vers, Ters, Eirs.
  • Himself/Herself -- Zieself, Hirself, Eirself, Verself, Terself, Emself.
28 Sept 2018

What is a pronoun for a girl? ›

She/her/hers and he/him/his are a few commonly used pronouns. Some people call these “feminine” and “masculine” pronouns, but many people avoid these labels because not everyone who uses he feels “masculine.” There are also lots of other pronouns in use, some of them more gender neutral.

What are the 3 types of personal pronouns? ›

Pronouns have different forms according to how they are used in a sentence. Their function or use determines which form or case will be used in a sentence. The three cases of personal pronouns are nominative, objective, and possessive.

What is interrogative pronoun with example? ›

An interrogative pronoun is a pronoun used to ask a question. For example, the word who is an interrogative pronoun in the sentence Who are you? Like most other pronouns, interrogative pronouns replace nouns in sentences.

What is an example of demonstrative pronoun? ›

Pronouns that point to specific things: this, that, these, and those, as in “This is an apple,” “Those are boys,” or “Take these to the clerk.” The same words are used as demonstrative adjectives when they modify nouns or pronouns: “this apple,” “those boys.”

How many types of pronouns are there in class 7? ›

Class 7 English Grammar Chapter 5 The Pronoun. A Pronoun is a word used instead of a noun. The noun that is substituted by the pronoun is called the antecedent of the pronoun. There are seven types of pronoun.

What is pronoun with example class 10? ›

Pronouns are words that can be used to take the place of a noun. Examples: He, she , It , I , We, You, We, They, Me, Him, Her, Us, Them, Mine, your, his, her, my, our, their etc.

What type of pronoun is they? ›

Personal

What are the 12 singular pronouns? ›

In Modern English the personal pronouns include: "I," "you," "he," "she," "it," "we," "they," "them," "us," "him," "her," "his," "hers," "its," "theirs," "our," "your."

Which is not a pronoun? ›

tell is the answer.

How many new pronouns are there? ›

Wikipedia's gender-neutral pronouns page lists 14 "non-traditional pronouns" in English, though three are variants of "ze". Other online resources for the non-binary community, however, offer hundreds of options.

What are the 7 types of pronouns? ›

There are seven types of pronouns that both English and English as a second language writers must recognize: the personal pronoun, the demonstrative pronoun, the interrogative pronoun, the relative pronoun, the indefinite pronoun, the reflexive pronoun, and the intensive pronoun.

What are the 12 types of pronouns? ›

There are 12 personal pronouns for a person or group, and they are: I, you, he, she, it, we, they, me, him, her, us and them. Personal pronouns help to avoid repetition of the same word used to refer to somebody. If the noun is plural, then the pronoun replacing it is also plural.

What is pronoun and type of pronoun? ›

Pronoun examples
TypePronouns in this category
IntensiveMyself, yourself/yourselves, themself/themselves, herself, himself, oneself, itself, ourselves
PossessiveMy, your, his, her, their, our, its, whose
InterrogativeWho, what, which, whose
ReciprocalEach other, one another
6 more rows
16 Sept 2022

What are the different types of pronoun? ›

Types of pronouns
  • Possessive pronouns.
  • Personal pronouns.
  • Relative pronouns.
  • Reflexive pronouns.
  • Indefinite pronouns.
  • Demonstrative pronouns.
  • Interrogative pronouns.
  • Intensive pronouns.
30 Sept 2021

What is pronoun and its types PDF? ›

Types of Pronoun PDF

Reflexive pronoun (Myself, ourselves, themselves etc.) Possessive Pronoun (Yours, mine, hers, theirs etc.) Indefinite Pronoun (one, none, all, some etc.) Relative pronoun (who, whom, which, that, whose etc.) Demonstrative pronoun (this, that, these, those etc.)

How many types of pronouns are there in class 8? ›

Personal Pronoun for class 8

Definition: The personal pronoun is utilized for a particular object or person in the sentence and they change their forms to show the various gender, number, and persons vocalizing. Personal Pronouns can be separated into two groups: Subjective Pronouns. Objective Pronouns.

What are 3 examples of relative pronouns? ›

Examples of relative pronouns include who, whom, whose, where, when, why, that, which and how. Here are some examples of how relative pronouns can be used in sentences. Sheela, who is a teacher, also works as a social worker. The car that was stolen last month was found in a river.

What are the 23 pronouns? ›

They are the following pronouns: my, mine, your, yours, his, her, hers, its, our, ours, their, and theirs. Example: The money is mine.
...
Parts of Speech - Pronouns
  • The new car is his. The new car is his.
  • Yours will be here tomorrow. ...
  • I like theirs best. ...
  • Should we go for a ride in his or hers?

What is a pronoun Class 1? ›

Definition – A pronoun is a word that is generally used to replace a noun in a sentence. Pronouns obey the same grammatical rules as nouns and can be used anywhere a noun can be. Example – Ram is a good boy. He likes all subjects. Here, the noun 'Ram' gets replaced by the pronoun 'He' in the second sentence.

How many types of pronouns are there in class 6? ›

We have three kinds of personal pronouns: first person, which describes the person speaking (I, My, Me), second person, which denotes the person spoken to (You, Your) and third person, which denotes the person or thing spoken about (Him, Her, It).

What is called pronoun? ›

What is a pronoun? A pronoun is a word that is used instead of a noun or noun phrase. Pronouns refer to either a noun that has already been mentioned or to a noun that does not need to be named specifically.

What are pronouns for Class 4? ›

We know that a pronoun is a word used in place of a noun. This is used to avoid the repetition of the noun. It can be singular or plural. I, he, she, you, him, me, and it are common pronouns.

What is a Class 2 pronoun? ›

A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun.

How are pronouns used? ›

Pronouns are used in place of a proper noun (like someone's name). We use pronouns most often when referring to someone without using their name. Example: Have you heard from Tom? He hasn't texted me back all day.

What type of pronoun is these? ›

The words this, that, these, and those are demonstrative pronouns. The demonstrative pronouns are used instead of a noun phrase to indicate distance in time or space in relation to the speaker. They also indicate grammatical number – singular or plural.

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